A Connection Between 5G and Happiness: The fifth generation of mobile networks, or 5G, is what comes after the 2G, 3G, and 4G generations.
In comparison to earlier networks, 5G is expected to deliver substantially higher connection speeds. It is more dependable as well as more capacity and quicker response times.
It is referred to as “the network of networks” and will enable Industry 4.0 by bringing together numerous existing standards and spanning numerous technologies and industries.
Highlights of 5G
- Launch Date: 1st October 2022
- Speed: up to 20 Gbps
- The first city to adopt 5G in India: Delhi
- Range of 5G Ultra wideband network: up to 1,500 feet
- Cities having 5G in India: Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai
Live Updates of 5G launch
- India’s 5G services are introduced by PM Modi.
- The launch of 5G is a present to 130 crore Indians from the telecom sector. It is a step towards a new age for the nation and the start of limitless prospects.
- The launch of 5G services is referred to by PM Modi as the “dawn of a new age.”
- At the 6th India Mobile Congress, which was inaugurated by the prime minister on Saturday at Pragati Maidan in Delhi, 5G services were also introduced.
- Before the Prime Minister, each of the nation’s three major telecom providers presented a use case to illustrate the potential of 5G technology in India.
- On Saturday, Mukesh Ambani announced that his telecommunications company, Reliance Jio, would roll out 5G services nationwide by the end of 2023.
- According to Sunil Bharti Mittal, chairman of Bharti Airtel, the company is introducing 5G telecom services on Saturday in eight cities, including four metro areas, and plans to gradually cover the entire nation by March 2024.
What is 5G?
The fifth generation of mobile communications is known as 5G. The new communication technology enhances the capabilities of its forerunner, 4G (LTE), but allows for substantially quicker data transmission with little to no latency, opening up completely new application domains.
The earlier mobile telecommunications standards GSM (2G), UMTS (3G), and LTE were replaced by 5G. (4G). The 3GPP standards body is currently working on development and standardization, which are not yet complete.
The new communication standard extends well beyond fast mobile internet and digital telephone. It is perceived as a response to the rising global data traffic brought on by digitalization and pushed by factors like streaming, big data, and the Internet of Things (IoT).
For the first time, real-time data transmission will be made possible by 5G, which is predicted to set new benchmarks in terms of data speed, network capacity, reaction time, dependability, and data security. This opens up a wide range of new application options, including those for IoT and autonomous vehicles.
Key Points of 5G:
- Makes networks more connected.
- Provides multiple Gbps speed.
- More dependable than current mobile networks and has low latency.
- Supports a broader variety of linked devices, including autonomous vehicles, games, remote medical procedures, and other Internet of Things devices.
- In October, the 5G commercial rollout will start.
- By introducing the network in significant Indian cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, and Bangalore, Jio is anticipated to seize the initiative.
- Both Vi and Airtel are 5G ready.
Key Features or Capabilities of 5G
- 10X decrease in latency:- Delivering latency as low as 1 ms.
- 10X Connection density:- Enabling more efficient signaling for IoT connectivity.
- 3X Spectrum efficiency:- Achieving even more bits per Hz with advanced antenna techniques.
- 100X Traffic capacity:- Driving network hyper-densification with more small cells everywhere.
- 10X Experienced throughput:- Bringing more uniform, multi Gbps peak rates.
- 100X Network efficiency:- Optimizing network energy consumption with more efficient processing.
When will 5G launch in India?
On October 1st, the India Mobile Congress will introduce 5G. (IMC). The nation’s services will be launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. According to estimates, Bharati Airtel and Reliance Jio would be the first to introduce 5G services in India. However, as the firm has stated, Jio 5G services would only be accessible around Diwali, or on October 24.
In a press release, the DoT reaffirmed that by 2022, 5G services would be accessible in up to 13 cities nationwide. These cities include Gandhi Nagar, Lucknow, Luckgram, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Chandigarh, Jamnagar, Delhi, Gurugram, Chennai, and Gandhi Nagar. Jio, Airtel, and Vi (Vodafone Idea), the three main telecom providers, have all already established 5G test sites in these locations.
Companies bidding for India’s 5G spectrum
- Reliance JIO
- Bharti Airtel
- Vodafone Idea
- Adani Data Networks
Airtel, Jio, and Vodafone Idea plan to rollout services
Here is a basic overview of how the three Indian telecom companies intend to introduce 5G services to the nation.
By Diwali, which falls sometime between October 22 and October 26, Reliance Jio expects to launch its 5G services in India. Four Indian cities will initially offer the service. Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Chennai are among them. It should be noted that 5G coverage may not be available in all areas of big cities at once.
Additionally, Reliance Jio has stated that other cities in the nation will gradually gain access to 5G services by the end of 2023.
According to Airtel, the telecom company will begin rolling out 5G services today in eight Indian cities. Although Airtel has not specified which eight cities are included, major cities like Mumbai and Delhi are likely to be on the list.
By March 2024, Airtel plans to provide 5G connectivity over all of India.
During the event, Vodafone Idea made no 5G-related announcements.
Customers of Vodafone Idea who are eagerly awaiting 5G appear to have a little longer to wait.
5G frequency bands in India
The 700 MHz, 800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, 2500 MHz, 3300 MHz, and 26 GHz frequency bands for 5G are all available in India. Jio purchased the sought 700 MHz band out of these, along with the 800 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3300 MHz, and 26 GHz bands, all of which are thought to provide better services. The telecom company invested Rs 88,078 crore in 24,740 MHz of spectrum.
The 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, 3300 MHz, and 26 GHz bands, on the other hand, were purchased by Airtel. The telco paid 43,084 crores for a total of 19,876 Mhz of the spectrum. Of all the telecoms, Vi invested the least ($18,799 billion) in the 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, 2500 MHz, 3300 MHz, and 26.
Key Performance Indicators (KPI)
|Peak data rate||Maximum achievable data rate||20 Gbit/s|
|Packet Latency||Radio network contribution to packet travel time||1 ms|
|Reliability||Maximum packet loss||00001 Pkt/s|
|Availability||Network uptime availability||99.999%|
|Mobility||Maximum device speed crossing multiple cells performing device handoffs with no network disruptions or packet loss||500 km/h|
|Coverage||Total network coverage in designated zones||Near 100%|
|Connection density||Total number of devices per unit area||106/km2|
|Energy efficiency||Energy consumption (by device or network)||10% of 4G|
|Spectrum efficiency||Throughput per unit wireless bandwidth and per network cell||4x 4G|
|Security||Defined in specification 3GPP TS 23.501||———-|
How does 5G work?
- Higher frequency ranges allow faster data transmission
- Network slicing: an optimized network for every requirement
- Beamforming enables targeted radio coverage
The 5G technology that is currently available typically still needs a 4G network to connect, hence it is not independent. Because of this, this is known as 5G non-standalone (5G NSA).
Only autonomous networks (5G standalone, 5G SA), improved transmission tower technology, and compatible devices will allow 5G to reach its full potential.
Higher frequency ranges allow faster data transmission
For 5G, new frequency bands and a far higher number of antennas are used than for LTE. While LTE mostly uses bands below 3 GHz, the 5G frequency spectrum now extends to 6 GHz and will eventually include frequencies from 24 GHz to a maximum of 100 GHz.
The amount of bandwidth available for data transmission has so increased dramatically. However, 5G also needs a lot more base stations than LTE to provide comprehensive coverage. This is true because more data can be delivered over a a higher frequencyHowever, the range also shrinks correspondingly at the same time.
Network slicing: an optimized network for every requirement
The ability to segment the network into application-specific layers based on requirements and to run multiple virtualized subnetworks concurrently is one of the most significant technological advancements of 5G.
This is built on technologies like software-defined networking and network functions virtualization (NFV) (SDN). Network slicing is another name for the process of cutting the 5G network into many slices.
Each layer or slice is tailored to meet a particular need:
- For the quickest connections and highest data rates, choose enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) (e.g., ultra-high-resolution video streaming)
- Massive Machine Type Communication (MTC): for a large number of connections at relatively low data rates and energy usage (e.g., Internet of Things)
- For the most dependable low-latency connections conceivable, use ultra-reliable low-latency communications (uRLLC) (e.g., self-driving vehicles and industrial automation)
Beamforming enables targeted radio coverage
Active antenna technology that uses “beamforming” increases radio coverage capacity and effectiveness. 5G masts with active antennas may focus radio waves to specific devices within the transmission radius, flexibly modifying them to the actual demands, in contrast to passive antennas, which radiate signals aimlessly in all directions. Although in a less developed form, beamforming is already utilized in LTE to some extent.
What types of 5G wireless services will be available?
- 5G fixed wireless broadband services
- 5G cellular services
5G fixed wireless broadband services
Provide homes and businesses with internet connectivity without a wired connection to the building. To do this, network operators place NRs near buildings at small cell sites to beam a signal to a receiver on a roof or a windowsill that is amplified inside the building.
Because this method does not require installing fiber optic lines in every home, fixed broadband services are anticipated to reduce the cost for operators to provide broadband services to homes and businesses. Instead, operators just need to connect fiber optics to cell sites, and users then use wireless modems in their homes or places of business to access internet services.
5G cellular services
Access to operators’ 5G cellular networks for users. When the first 5G-capable (or -compliant) handsets hit the market in 2019, these services got rolling. Delivery of cellular services is also contingent on the 3GPP’s completion of the mobile core standards.
Why does 5G matter?
The cloud, edge devices, and remote work environments of today’s widely distributed society were not designed for earlier network technologies.
With the help of other technologies like edge, open radio access network (O-RAN), and software-defined wide area network/secure access service edge (SD-WAN/SASE), cloud-enabled networks powered by 5G can connect seamlessly across the dynamic capabilities of the Cloud Continuum, from the public through the edge and everything in between.
We are only beginning to notice the business impact of 5G as more businesses move to the cloud.
5G impact on industries
The economy is already being transformed by 5G technology, which promotes economic growth by:
- Establishing new markets for goods and services. In the same way that 4G unlocked the app economy, 5G is ready to open the industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), increased bandwidth, near real-time answers, and mission-critical goods and services.
- Increasing economic output from the same inputs by increasing productivity and cutting costs.
- Increasing the level of service quality and, as a result, consumer willingness to pay for goods and services.
Rapid data and insight-driven decision-making is made possible by 5G.
Over the next five years, 5G is predicted to boost the US and European economies by up to $1.5 trillion and €1 trillion, respectively (2021-25).
Communication service providers
CSPs will serve as a key industry partner and the supplier of 5G networks, equipment, and services. Improved services and better revenues will be possible thanks to increased bandwidth, decreased latency, and the widespread use of post-smart phone devices. These factors will also allow telcos to offer more than just connection in terms of goods and services.
With time-sensitive networks, mobile robots, reconfigurable factories, and lower maintenance costs, 5G will provide more flexibility, visibility, and security.
Transportation safety will be increased thanks to 5G, especially with driverless cars. Additionally, it will provide increased bandwidth and edge computing capacity for machine-to-machine (M2M) feedback loops, vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I), and network-to-network (V2N) services.
Utilizing metaverse technologies like virtual reality (VR), 5G will offer reimagined brand and shopping experiences.
High-quality and large-scale medical data will be processed quickly by 5G, along with better mobile and home care, higher reliability, and lower latency in crucial patient applications.
Through real-time data monitoring and risk reduction, 5G will improve asset management while increasing worker productivity and safety. Additionally, it will offer a fresh basis for grid modernization, grid resilience, reduced operational costs, and asset monetization.
Through augmented reality (AR)-driven learning, 5G will provide more dynamic and connected classrooms, as well as better access to resources to promote stronger connections and democratize education.
What can 5G offer?
- Massive Internet of Things (mIoT)
- Enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB)
- Private wireless
- Mission-critical services (MCS)
- Network slicing
Massive Internet of Things (mIoT)
Per square kilometer, 5G can offer up to 1 million connections that are active at once. The implementation of sophisticated large IoT applications depends on this dense connectivity.
Enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB)
High capacity and speeds of up to 10 gigabytes per second provided by 5G enable the transmission of large amounts of data and ultra-high definition video.
Applications like virtual reality and extended reality, which call for rich data flow in both upstream and downstream directions, are made possible by high-speed mobile broadband (XR).
Private wireless networks provide a purpose-built, on-premises network solution that secures mission-critical company processes. Without the limitations of old-school and impromptu wireless networks, a private 5G network facilitates activities both inside and outside.
67% of the CEOs in our Accenture research intend to build up a 5G campus network, and 84% plan to invest in a new campus network or upgrade an existing one.
Mission-critical services (MCS)
Reliability and performance are essential for mission-critical applications like remote intensive care units. When a millisecond separates life from death, 5G can transport network traffic with latencies as low as that.
Wide area networks can benefit from a network slice as a solution. It enables a connectivity provider (like a carrier) to develop a connectivity solution that is appropriate for the customer’s needs (like a utility business) by giving them a “slice” of the public network that is designed to meet those needs.
How can businesses prepare for 5G?
- Make 5G part of your sustainability strategy
- Explore new use cases made possible by 5G connectivity
Make 5G part of your sustainability strategy
There are innumerable high-impact applications for 5G technology, including connected and automated agriculture, intelligent energy grids, and intelligent asset management, as well as possibilities to increase vehicle safety and automation, improve remote healthcare, and even perform surgery remotely.
Explore new use cases made possible by 5G connectivity
The industries with the most advanced 5G transitions include those in manufacturing, healthcare, and natural resources.
Automation, machine learning, and digital twins made possible by 5G, fiber, and the cloud are the main drivers of energy reduction.
In grid optimization, energy supply and demand are matched to avoid any grid losses. Real-time monitoring made possible by 5G in conjunction with sensors and drones can help cut emissions and identify problems before they arise.
A key strategy for reducing agriculture’s environmental impact is the employment of sensors in conjunction with real-time monitoring systems made possible by automation and 5G connectivity.
Connection Between 5G and Happiness
The upcoming rollout of the 5G SA network, which operates independently from the 4G network and delivers faster speeds, reduced latency, and more bandwidth, will significantly improve the effectiveness of human communications and satisfaction levels.
The introduction of 5G networks is a step in a process that will be finished by the end of this year, paving the way for networks that are wholly unrelated to the 4G architecture and will provide faster speeds, reduced latency, and greater capacity, or what is known as 5G SA.
We have grown so accustomed to getting notifications from friends, family, and employers almost instantly that we have forgotten the communication challenges of a few years ago, when we relied on antiquated mail systems, let alone when it could take months for important news to reach its destination.
Being near the information that is crucial to our life for one reason or another is advantageous for human well-being and mental tranquility in an increasingly linked world. This makes sense given that several carriers have as their guiding principle to constantly enhance communication’s immediacy.
By the end of 2025, there will be 1.8 billion 5G connections, or 21% of all mobile connections worldwide, according to the GSMA association, an organization of mobile carriers and related businesses committed to promoting, implementing, and standardizing the GSM mobile phone system.
Around €3.7 trillion of the global GDP was generated by mobile technology and services in 2020, up from €3.4 trillion at the end of 2019. By the end of 2025, it is anticipated that they would contribute 4.2 trillion euros to the global GDP.
These numbers demonstrate the significance of the new networks, which is why several parties, including the GSMA, have asked for effective spectrum pricing regulations to lower the cost of 5G services and improve their quality.
The impact on human happiness
We have grown so used to getting messages from friends, family, and employers almost instantly that we have forgotten the communication challenges of a few years ago, when we relied on antiquated mail systems, let alone back when it may take months for critical news to reach its destination.
Being close to the information that, for one reason or another, is significant in our lives in an increasingly linked world is something that benefits human well-being and peace of mind. In this regard, it makes sense that some carriers subscribe to the concept that communication may always be made more immediate.
In a recent Telefónica report titled “To make our world more human, by connecting lives,” the need to put the individual at the center and technology as their context is specifically mentioned. This implies understanding that what is truly relevant is fostering human connections as the primary source of well-being and happiness.
Everyday existence depends on interpersonal relationships, and loneliness is viewed as a form of torment. Life is like a “road movie,” where characters show up and form various connection groups that can be categorized based on the closeness and longevity of the link. Technology multiplies the opportunities for engagement with others in this setting. The airline has acknowledged this.
Technology aids in the maintenance of healthy relationships, and 59% of respondents believe that social media plays a significant or very significant part in their relationships.
Advantages or Disadvantages of 5G Technology
- Bi-directional shaping with high resolution and huge bandwidth.
- Technology to consolidate all networks onto a single platform.
- More powerful and effective.
- Technology that makes quick-response subscriber monitoring tools possible.
- Most likely, will offer a significant amount of broadcasting data (in Gigabit), supporting over 60,000 connections.
- Simple to handle for earlier generations.
- Dependable technology to support a variety of services (including private networks).
- It is feasible to offer global connectivity that is constant, uninterrupted, and uniform.
- Technology is still in development, and studies are being done to determine its practicality.
- Due to the lack of competent technological assistance in the majority of the world, the speed that this technology claims to be able to accomplish appears difficult to attain (and possibly will be in the future).
- Many of the outdated equipment won’t work with 5G; as a result, a costly replacement of all of them is required.
- Infrastructure development is expensive.
- Problems with security and privacy remain unresolved.
The brand-new 5G network core is totally autonomous from the current 4G network. There are two varieties of 5G: NSA and SA. The former is a freestanding 5G network that considerably expands the capabilities of this technology, while SA is a standalone 5G network built on the architecture of the 4G network.
India was able to transfer millions of crores of rupees with only one click because of the concept of thinking globally first. Indian students were taking online classes, physicians were treating patients, and other people were working from home when the rest of the world was closed.
People May Ask
How fast is 5G compared to 4G?
100 times quicker than 4G, 5G. 5G download rates are capable of 10 gigabits per second under ideal circumstances. That is up to 100 times quicker than 4G, which is unquestionably the level of speed required for a society that is becoming more and more connected.
Which cities have 5G in India?
As previously noted, 5G technology will offer a fast data rate and expanded coverage. 13 Indian cities will receive 5G Internet services in the first phase. Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chandigarh, Chennai, Delhi, Gandhinagar, Gurugram, Hyderabad, Jamnagar, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai, and Pune are among the cities on the list.
Who launches 5G in India first?
With this, Bharti Airtel has established itself as the nation’s first company to introduce 5G services. The backend infrastructure of Bharti Airtel is ready, according to Randeep Singh Sekhon, the company’s chief technology officer.